Births and Deaths
Based on the statistical data on births it is obvious that their number has decreased. The reasons of this decrease can be many, but below we mention three of them:
- High emigration of the population in fertile ages;
- Increase of the mean age of marriage for men and women alike;
- The use of contraceptive methods
As for the statistical data of deaths we can notice that during the last decade their number has remained relatively stable. Males dominate the number of deaths with 52.8% of total in 2016. In Albania females live longer than males.
Life expectancy in Albania in 2016 was 80.1 years for women and 77.0 for males.
Marriages and Divorces
The number of marriages during the last decade has fluctuated slightly. The impact of these changes has not been significant on the dynamics of marriages. After 2001 the number increased slightly in the two subsequent years, followed by a small decrease until 2009 and then it shows an increasing trend. The shift toward older age at marriage is confirmed by calculations of marriage-age means. The information based on vital statistics, for mean age at marriage similarly shows an increase from 28.5 in 2006 to 30.4 in 2016 for men and from 23.1 to 25.1 for women. This increase in the mean age at marriage is evident for both sexes.
Statistical data for divorces are provided by the Ministry of Justice. INSTAT publishes figures only for solved cases (with a court decision), because those indicate the real number of divorces in a given year. The absolute number of divorces in Albania has increased to 5.6 thousand in 2016, compared to 3.3 thousand in 2007. These absolute numbers are not related to the population at risk for divorce and, therefore, principally do not reveal anything about the probability of divorce. However, the magnitude of the increase suggests that larger shares of the population end their marriage by divorce.
INSTAT computes several indicators to clearly describe the situation of divorces in the country, but an indicator that gives a clear view is the divorce coefficient which is calculated as the ratio of the number of divorces in a year to the number of marriages in that year expressed in percent. If we consider the trends of this coefficient we can see an increase in the period 2007 – 2016. From 14.8 divorces per 100 marriages in 2007 to 24.7 in 2016.