Births, deaths and marriages

Births and Deaths

Based on the statistical data on births it is obvious that their number has decreased. The reasons of this decrease can be many, but below we mention three of them:

  • High emigration of the population in fertile ages;
  • Increase of the mean age of marriage for men and women alike;
  • The use of contraceptive methods

As for the statistical data of deaths we can notice that during the last decade their number has remained relatively stable. Males dominate the number of deaths with 52.8% of total in 2016. In Albania females live longer than males.

Life expectancy in Albania in 2016 was 80.1 years for women and 77.0 for males.

Marriages and Divorces

The number of marriages during the last decade has fluctuated slightly. The impact of these changes has not been significant on the dynamics of marriages. After 2001 the number increased slightly in the two subsequent years, followed by a small decrease until 2009 and then it shows an increasing trend. The shift toward older age at marriage is confirmed by calculations of marriage-age means. The information based on vital statistics, for mean age at marriage similarly shows an increase from 28.5 in 2006 to 30.4 in 2016 for men and from 23.1 to 25.1 for women. This increase in the mean age at marriage is evident for both sexes.

Statistical data for divorces are provided by the Ministry of Justice. INSTAT publishes figures only for solved cases (with a court decision), because those indicate the real number of divorces in a given year. The absolute number of divorces in Albania has increased to 5.6 thousand in 2016, compared to 3.3 thousand in 2007. These absolute numbers are not related to the population at risk for divorce and, therefore, principally do not reveal anything about the probability of divorce. However, the magnitude of the increase suggests that larger shares of the population end their marriage by divorce.

INSTAT computes several indicators to clearly describe the situation of divorces in the country, but an indicator that gives a clear view is the divorce coefficient which is calculated as the ratio of the number of divorces in a year to the number of marriages in that year expressed in percent. If we consider the trends of this coefficient we can see an increase in the period 2007 – 2016. From 14.8 divorces per 100 marriages in 2007 to 24.7 in 2016.

Quality report

Calendar

DateStatisticsPeriod
26-12-2017 Demography IndicatorsQ3-2017
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Births and Deaths

Statistics on births, deaths were obtained through relevant forms filled by the civil register offices. The period during 1990 - 2001 is characterized by lack of statistics both in the total number of demographic events and in their structure according to gender, age groups, residence, etc. Lack of accuracy while filling the forms and method of forwarding to INSTAT consist the main cause for this situation. The situation is different for period 2004 - 2007, this data are better completed. In order to overcome this difficulty, it was deemed appropriate to make a statistical evaluation using statistical procedures of version of "TREND" of "SPSS" program. Statistical evaluation was based on two of the main procedures used to evaluate statistical time series assessments, namely "Exponential Smoothing" and "Seasonal Arima". The first procedure was used in the cases when serial timing statistics were annually divided in time. While the second procedure was better adoptable to statistics of monthly divided in time. Evaluation obtained through use of these two procedures were compared to the statistics offered by relevant forms allocated by INSTAT, following with the process of calculation of real values included in this publication.

Since 2011, the data on births and deaths are electronically sent by General Directory of Civil Status. This way of providing the information on demographic events ensures a more data completeness as well as fulfilling the publication deadlines, but on the other hand since it is in the first step of its implementation some of the important statistical variables is missing. This is the reasons why some of the indicators of births and deaths after 2010 are missing.

Marriages

Statistics on marriages were obtained through relevant forms filled by the civil register offices. The period during 1990 - 2007 was characterized by lack of statistics both in the total number of demographic events and in their structure according to gender, age groups, residence, etc. Lack of accuracy while filling the forms and method of forwarding to INSTAT consist the main cause for this situation. For period 2002 - 2007 numbers of forms has been completed.

Since 2011, the data on marriages are electronically sent by General Directory of Civil Status. This way of providing the information on demographic events ensures a more data completeness as well as fulfilling the publication deadlines, but on the other hand since it is in the first step of its implementation some of the important statistical variables is missing. This is the reasons why some of the indicators of marriages after 2010 are missing.

Divorces

The Statistical Office in the Ministry of Justice provides statistical data on divorces. INSTAT processes only completed cases with a final court decision.