Education

Education statistics provide information on pupils and students participation in education, about teaching staff, as well as for pupils and students graduated by programmer, or by level of education, for every school or academic year.
On the website there are figures on formal education that is carried out in the country, in time series.
Increased participation it is observed at all levels of education. With regard to secondary education, great advantage is given to professional education. This will better meet the needs for specialized professionals for the labor market.
Particularly it is high the interest for tertiary education, the largest number of students enrolled is reached in 2013-14.
Bologna programs are applied in Albanian universities.
The main directions in which higher education is to be developed is the demand for the most qualitative universities, oriented to scientific research. Suspension of the activity of some private institutions that did not provide the required quality was also the reason for reducing the number of students in the last two years.
INSTAT aims is increasing continuously the quality of statistics to produce more credible, qualitative, coherent and comparable statistics at international level.

Quality report

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INSTAT benefits data on formal education, through questionnaires previously designed. The questionnaires and indicators that are calculated after data processing, are an integral part of the Statistical Official Program.

In data processing and calculation of education indicators, INSTAT uses the ISCED 2011 classification, which is composed by the following levels according to educational programs:

Level 0 - Early childhood  education - Early childhood  / Pre-primary education;
Level 1 - Primary education or first cycle of basic education;
Level 2 - Lower Secondary Education or second cycle of basic education;
Level 3 - Upper Secondary Education - Gymnasium / Professional;
Level 4 - Post-secondary but not tertiary;
Level 5 - Higher Education Short Circuit;
Level 6 - Bachelor or equivalent;
Level 7 - Master or equivalent;
Level 8 - PHD or equivalent;

Level 5 has not been applied to our education system.


Legal basis

  • Law no. 9180, dated 5.2.2004 "On official statistics", as amended;
  • National Statistical Program 2017-2021.


Main variables:

Enrollment at the beginning of the school year, children, pupils and students according to:

• gender
• age
• programs and levels of education
• in the public and private sector

Graduated at the end of the school year by:
• gender
• programs and levels of education
• Fields of study
• in the public and private sector

Teaching staff participating in the education process according to:
• gender
• educational level
• programs and levels of education
• in the public and private sector
- Public and private educational institutions.

Periodicity
• Annual


Definitions

Pre-university education includes education provided by educational institutions such as kindergartens, basic schools and upper secondary ones.

Basic education consists of two cycles: primary education that is conducted in grades 1-5 and upper cycle or lower secondary education that is conducted in grades 6-9. Basic education is compulsory at age 6 and lasts 9 years. The student is required to attend basic education up to the age of 16 years old.

Upper secondary education includes gymnasium and proffesional education,  which is divided into lower technical(vocational) and higher professional education.

Teachers are defined as persons, whose professional activity involves the transmission of knowledge, behaviors and skills, that are defined in the educational programmes, for pupils and students enrolled in institutions of formal education.
A public educational institution is classified as such if its activity is fully controlled by the public education authority.

Graduated in an educational program, is a pupil or student, who has successfully completed all program requirements.

Pupil per Teacher Ratio, are calculated by dividing the number of pupils enrolled at the specified level of education by the number of teachers at the same level.

Gross Enrollment rate is number of students enrolled in a given level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the official school-age population corresponding to the same level of education.

The purpose is to show the general level of participation in a given level of education

Interpretation

A high GER generally indicates a high degree of participation, whether the pupils belong to the official age group or not. The achievement of a GER of 100% is therefore a necessary but not sufficient condition for enrolling all eligible children in school.

When GER exceeds 100 percent this indicates that pupils enrolled are also under the age of or above the official age.

Net enrolment rate is total number of students in the theoretical age group for a given level of education enrolled in that level, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.

The purpose is to show the extent of coverage in a given level of education of children and youths belonging to the official age group corresponding to the given level of education.

Interpretation

A high NER denotes a high degree of coverage for the official school-age population. The theoretical maximum value is 100%. Increasing trends can be considered as reflecting improving coverage at the specified level of education. When the NER is compared with the GER, the difference between the two highlights the incidence of under-aged and over-aged enrolment.

Limitations
For tertiary education, this indicator is not pertinent because of the difficulties in determining an appropriate age group due to the wide variations in the duration of programmes at this level of education.

Source of data

Ministry of Education Youth and Sports.