Innovation Statistics

INSTAT carried out the survey on innovation activity in enterprises with 10 or more persons employed for the reference period 2018-2020. Innovative enterprises are all business entities that introduced a new or improved product or process (or their combination) or had abandoned or suspended innovation activities.

During the period 2018-2020, 36.6 % of enterprises carried out an innovation activity. Innovation activity of the enterprises providing services 41.0 % (sections G, H, J, K, and M of NACE Rev. 2) comparing to enterprises operating in the industrial sector (B, C, D, E of NACE Rev. 2) by 32.1 % (Tab. 1). Compared to the data of the previous innovation survey with reference period 2017-2019, innovation activity decreased by 1.7 % (from 38.3 % to 36.6 %). This decline was observed in enterprises in the industry and services sector respectively by 2.0% and 1.3%. Innovation activity was more present in the group of large enterprises, with over 250 employees with 68.2%.

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The statistical survey on innovation activity is conducted every two year and the observation period covered by the survey is the three-year period.

Units of observation are all enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more persons employed engaged primarily in the following economic activities (NACE Rev. 2): Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles; Transportation and storage; Information and communication; Financial and insurance activities; Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis; Scientific research and development; Advertising and market research. In order to measure Innovation activities by enterprises, INSTAT interviewed 1,575 enterprises of all legal forms and types of ownership with 10 or more employees.

Definitions

An innovation: A new or improved product (good or service) or business process that differs significantly from the enterprise’s previous products or business processes and that has been implemented on the market or brought into use by the enterprise.

An innovation-active enterprise: An enterprise engaged during the observation period 2017 - 2019 in one or more activities to develop or implement new or improved products or business processes.

A product innovation: a new or improved good or service that differs significantly from the enterprise’s previous goods or services and that has been implemented on the market. It includes significant changes to the design of the goods. Simple re-sale of new goods and changes of a solely aesthetic nature are excluded.

A business process innovation: A new or improved business process for one or more business functions that differs significantly from the enterprise's previous business processes and that has been implemented within the firm. Business process innovations include new or improved methods for: producing goods or providing services; logistics, delivery or distribution; information processing or communication; accounting or other administrative operations; business practices for organising procedures or external relations; organising work responsibility, decision making or human resource management and marketing methods for promotion, packaging, pricing, product placement or after sales services.

Innovations should be new to the enterprise concerned, but they do not necessarily have to be new to the market, i.e. the enterprise does not necessarily have to be the first one to have produced these products (goods or services) or introduced these business processes.

 Innovation activity: It includes all developmental, financial and commercial activities undertaken by the enterprise that are intended to result in innovations.