The statistical survey on innovation activity is conducted every two year and the observation period covered by the survey is the three-year period.
Units of observation are all enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more persons employed engaged primarily in the following economic activities (NACE Rev. 2): Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles; Transportation and storage; Information and communication; Financial and insurance activities; Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis; Scientific research and development; Advertising and market research. In order to measure Innovation activities by enterprises, INSTAT interviewed 1,575 enterprises of all legal forms and types of ownership with 10 or more employees.
An innovation: A new or improved product (good or service) or business process that differs significantly from the enterprise’s previous products or business processes and that has been implemented on the market or brought into use by the enterprise.
An innovation-active enterprise: An enterprise engaged during the observation period 2017 - 2019 in one or more activities to develop or implement new or improved products or business processes.
A product innovation: a new or improved good or service that differs significantly from the enterprise’s previous goods or services and that has been implemented on the market. It includes significant changes to the design of the goods. Simple re-sale of new goods and changes of a solely aesthetic nature are excluded.
A business process innovation: A new or improved business process for one or more business functions that differs significantly from the enterprise's previous business processes and that has been implemented within the firm. Business process innovations include new or improved methods for: producing goods or providing services; logistics, delivery or distribution; information processing or communication; accounting or other administrative operations; business practices for organising procedures or external relations; organising work responsibility, decision making or human resource management and marketing methods for promotion, packaging, pricing, product placement or after sales services.
Innovations should be new to the enterprise concerned, but they do not necessarily have to be new to the market, i.e. the enterprise does not necessarily have to be the first one to have produced these products (goods or services) or introduced these business processes.
Innovation activity: It includes all developmental, financial and commercial activities undertaken by the enterprise that are intended to result in innovations.